According to a significant new United Nations-backed assessment, invasive species cause plant and animal extinctions. Jeopardize food security, and exacerbate environmental disasters all over the world, costing the world at least $423 billion year.
Leading scientists have said that human activity is spreading these animals, plants, and other organisms. In new areas at a “unprecedented rate,” with 200 new alien species being reported each year. Typically through travel or worldwide trade.
3,500 of the 37,000 known alien species that have been imported into the world are deemed dangerous and constitute a. “severe global threat” because they ruin crops, wipe out native species, pollute waterways, transmit disease, and set the stage for catastrophic natural disasters.
According to academics, the cost to the world economy has increased by at least fourfold every decade since 1970.
That sum is “a vast, vast underestimation… Ecologist Helen Roy, a co-author of the UN Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) study. Called it “the tip of the iceberg.”
The overall number of invasive species worldwide will be one-third higher in 2050 than it was in 2005. According to the scientists, if nothing is done to stop their spread and effects.
We are aware that nothing is staying the same. We anticipate that the threat provided by invasive alien species will likewise deteriorate because we know that climate change, land use change, and sea level rise are all getting worse, Roy said.
Global roots, but incredibly local effects
The term “alien species” refers to any plants, animals, or other organisms that have been transported by humans to a new area or region.
When a foreign species establishes itself in a new location and has a detrimental effect on the biodiversity and ecosystems there, as well as on local human society, it is said to be invasive.
Not Only in Our Neighboring Country, Cases of Patients with “Susuk” Also Present in Indonesia
Not Only “Susuk,” a mystical practice involving the insertion of tiny metallic objects under the skin for various perceived benefits, is not limited to our neighboring countries. Recent reports have highlighted cases of patients with “susuk” in Indonesia, shedding light on the prevalence of this practice and its potential health risks.
The “Susuk” Phenomenon Not Only
Susuk, often referred to as “charm needles,” involves the insertion of small metal objects, such as gold or silver, under the skin, typically on the face, neck, chest, or other body parts. Hence This practice is believed to bring about various benefits, including enhancing one’s attractiveness, protection from harm, and even improved luck or wealth.
Cases in Indonesia
While “susuk” has been widely practiced in countries like Malaysia, Thailand, and Singapore, it is becoming increasingly prevalent in Indonesia. Hence Reports have emerged of individuals seeking “susuk” implants from traditional practitioners, despite potential health risks and a lack of medical regulation.
Health Risks and Concerns Not Only
- Infections: The insertion of foreign objects under the skin carries a significant risk of infection. If the equipment use not sterile or if proper aftercare not followed, it can lead to serious infections, including cellulitis and abscesses.
- Allergic Reactions: Some individuals may be allergic to the materials used in “susuk.” This can result in severe allergic reactions, skin problems, or inflammation.
- Migration: Over time, “susuk” implants may migrate within the body, potentially causing discomfort or complications. Migration can occur due to body movements or other external factors.
- Psychological Effects: Some patients may experience psychological distress or discomfort a result of having “susuk” implanted. The fear of complications or side effects can lead to anxiety and stress.
Regulation and Awareness
Indonesia’s Ministry of Health has expressed concerns about the practice of “susuk” and its associated health risks. Authorities are working to raise awareness about the potential dangers and discourage individuals from seeking “susuk” implants from unlicensed practitioners.
The practice of “susuk” is not unique to neighboring countries; it has found its way into Indonesia as well. While some individuals may believe in the mystical benefits of “susuk,” it is essential to consider the potential health. Risks associated with this practice. Increased awareness, education, and regulation are crucial steps in ensuring the safety and well-being of individuals who may. Be considering or have. Hence Already undergone “susuk” procedures. Health authorities in Indonesia continue to monitor and address this phenomenon to protect the public from potential harm.
Similar But Not the Same: Doctors Explain Cardiac Arrest vs. Heart Attack
Similar Cardiac emergencies can be terrifying and life-threatening, but it’s crucial to understand the difference between two commonly confused terms: “cardiac arrest” and “heart attack.” While they share similarities and affect Here, we break down the differences between cardiac arrest and a heart attack, as explained by medical experts.
Cardiac Arrest The Sudden Stoppage Similar
Cardiac arrest is a sudden and unexpected stoppage of the heart’s electrical activity, leading to the cessation of blood circulation. In essence, the heart stops beating altogether. This can happen abruptly and often without any prior warning signs. During cardiac arrest, the person may lose consciousness, stop breathing, and have no pulse.
Causes of Cardiac Arrest Similar
Cardiac arrest is typically caused by irregular electrical activity in the heart, such as ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia. It can also result from other factors, including severe trauma, drowning, drug overdose, or underlying heart conditions.
Treatment for Cardiac Arrest Similar
Immediate intervention is crucial to restore the heart’s rhythm and blood circulation. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED) are vital in saving a person’s life during cardiac arrest. Quick action and access to medical assistance greatly improve the chances of survival.
Heart Attack The Blockage
A heart attack, medically known as a myocardial infarction, occurs when there is a blockage or reduced blood flow to a portion of the heart muscle. This usually happens due to the narrowing or clotting of a coronary artery, which supplies oxygen-rich blood to the heart.
Symptoms of a Heart Attack
Common symptoms of a heart attack include chest pain or discomfort, shortness of breath, nausea, lightheadedness, and pain radiating to the arm, neck, jaw, or back. These symptoms can develop gradually and may vary from person to person.
Causes of a Heart Attack Similar
Heart attacks are often linked to underlying cardiovascular conditions, such as coronary artery disease, which causes the gradual buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries. A sudden rupture or clot formation in these arteries can trigger a heart attack.
Treatment for a Heart Attack
Immediate medical attention is essential for a heart attack. Treatment may include medications to dissolve clots, procedures like angioplasty to reopen blocked arteries, or surgery in severe cases. Early intervention can help prevent further damage to the heart muscle.
Understanding the differences between cardiac arrest and a heart attack is crucial, as the treatment and outcomes for each condition vary significantly. While both are emergencies that require immediate medical attention, recognizing the unique symptoms and underlying causes can help individuals and bystanders respond appropriately when faced with these life-threatening situations. Always seek professional medical help if you suspect someone is experiencing either a cardiac arrest or a heart attack, as timely intervention can save lives.
Not Mystical, Here’s the Medical Explanation Behind the ‘Genital Circumcision’ Phenomenon
Not Mystical In recent years, there has been a growing interest in a phenomenon known as ‘Sunat Jin,’ particularly in some regions where mystical beliefs are prevalent. ‘Sunat Jin’ roughly translates to ‘Genital Circumcision’ in English and is often attributed to supernatural or mystical causes. However, medical experts have a different perspective on this phenomenon. In this article, we will delve into the medical explanation behind ‘Sunat Jin.’
The ‘Sunat Jin’ Phenomenon Not Mystical
‘Sunat Jin’ refers to the mysterious and often unexplained occurrence of circumcisions or genital cutting that appear to happen overnight or without any clear human intervention. It is mostly reported in boys and men who wake up to find themselves circumcised, often accompanied by pain, swelling, and bleeding. In some cultures, this is seen as the work of supernatural beings or jinns, hence the name ‘Sunat Jin.’
The Medical Explanation Not Mystical
While ‘Sunat Jin’ may seem mystifying at first glance, medical professionals have identified several plausible explanations for this phenomenon:
It is possible for individuals, especially during sleep, to unintentionally engage in self-circumcision due to various factors such as intense scratching or friction. This can result in genital injuries that mimic circumcision.
Nocturnal Erections Not Mystical
Men typically experience multiple erections during a night’s sleep, known as nocturnal penile tumescence. These erections can sometimes lead to minor injuries or abrasions, which might be mistaken for circumcision when noticed in morning.
Certain medical conditions, such as a rare disorder called priapism, can cause prolonged and painful erections. In severe cases, this condition might result in injuries to the genital area, again resembling circumcision.
Psychological issues, such as dissociative disorders or even extreme stress, can lead to self-harming behaviors that a person might not remember upon waking up.
In some cases, what appears to be circumcision might actually be a misdiagnosis, as individuals may not recall prior genital injuries or conditions.
Social and Cultural Factors: Social and cultural beliefs can play a significant role in how ‘Sunat Jin’ is perceiv. In areas where supernatural belief widespread, any unexplain phenomena often attributed to mystical forces.
While ‘Sunat Jin’ may viewed through a mystical lens in certain cultures, medical science provides plausible explanations. For this phenomenon. It is essential to approach these cases with a rational and evidence-based mindset. Considering the possibility of self-injury, medical conditions, or psychological factors at play. Understanding the medical basis behind ‘Sunat Jin’ can help individuals seek appropriate medical care. When necessary and dispel some of the mysticism surrounding this phenomenon.
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