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Relations Indonesia and South Korea Facing a Challenge of Multilateralism



Relations Indonesia and South Korea Facing a Challenge of Multilateralism. The cooperative relationship between Indonesia and South Korea which began in 1973 is now 50 years old. The two countries, which are separate and connected by the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, face the challenge of the erosion of multilateralism to strengthen their strategic partnership. However, experts believe close relationships in the past can actually strengthen relations in 50 years.

This was conveyed by the Deputy Director for East Asia of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Vahd Nabyl A Mulachela, in a seminar entitled.

Building Bridges Assessing the Past and Shaping the Future of Indonesian-Korean Relations which was held by the Indonesian Next Generation Journalist Network on Korea program, Wednesday (2/8/ 2023) ago. Indonesia Next Generation Journalist New Your. Korea 2023 is a fellowship program in collaboration with the Korea Foundation and the Foreign Policy Community of Indonesia known briefly as (FPCI). Nabyl said Indonesia’s diplomacy with South Korea was indeed more recent than Indonesia’s diplomacy with North Korea. However, since 2006, strategic cooperation, especially in the fields of oil trade and labor, has been closely intertwined between Indonesia and South Korea. Then, in 2017, Indonesia established a special and strategic partnership with South Korea.

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He added, in 2019, Indonesia and “the Country of Ginseng signed a Joint Declaration on the Completion of Negotiations on the Indonesia-South Korea Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement or IK-CEPA. Indonesia believes that IK-CEPA can sustain Indonesia’s economic transformation because opportunities for cooperation are not limit to trade in goods, but also services, investment and other economic cooperation.

After signing the IK-CEPA, the cooperation between South Korea and Indonesia is very close

The two countries are unit by the same values namely democracy human rights (HAM), an open economy, common aspirations to maintain regional security and world security, as well as prosperity,” said Nabyl. Nonetheless, relations between the two countries also experienced challenges that were not easy. The main problem is the erosion of multilateralism. This phenomenon occurred due to the impact of the prolonged war between Russia and Ukraine, post-Covid-19 economic recovery, and climate change. For example, to be includ in the prestigious global climate forum, said Nabyl, Indonesia still needs to adjust a number of regulations.

The erosion of multilateralism is a problem that cannot be solv with just one country. All countries are interdependent so that what happens in one country will have an impact on other countries, especially the impact of conflicts caused by greed and revenge in the past,” he said.

In the Southeast Asian region, relations between the two countries are also threaten by the intensification

of hostilities between the Unit States and China and the escalation of conflicts in the Taiwan Strait and the Korean Peninsula, the South China Sea and Myanmar. As a middle power developed country, Indonesia has chosen a strategy to become an independent, peaceful and prosperous country.

At the end of last July, the three anti-Western countries further strengthened their axis of power. North Korea is pursuing the Pyongyang axis going Beijing-Moscow to rival the West. This was mark by North Korean leader Kim Jong Un welcoming the arrival of Russian. Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu on the 70th anniversary of the Korean War Armistice. The visit demonstrated the closer ties between the two countries amidst the. Heating up of geopolitical competition with the United States. On the same day, Thursday (27/7/2023), Kim also welcom the arrival of the Chinese delegation led by Chinese Communist Party Politburo member Li Hongzhong (, 27 July 2023).

“Indonesia cannot ignore this geopolitical challenge. Indonesia’s hope actually wants to contribute in creating world peace. We hope that the cooperation in the next 50 years will be even better. Although we don’t know yet to look into the future,” said Nabyl.

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Not Only in Our Neighboring Country, Cases of Patients with “Susuk” Also Present in Indonesia



Not Only “Susuk,” a mystical practice involving the insertion of tiny metallic objects under the skin for various perceived benefits, is not limited to our neighboring countries. Recent reports have highlighted cases of patients with “susuk” in Indonesia, shedding light on the prevalence of this practice and its potential health risks.

The “Susuk” Phenomenon Not Only

Susuk, often referred to as “charm needles,” involves the insertion of small metal objects, such as gold or silver, under the skin, typically on the face, neck, chest, or other body parts. Hence This practice is believed to bring about various benefits, including enhancing one’s attractiveness, protection from harm, and even improved luck or wealth.

Cases in Indonesia

While “susuk” has been widely practiced in countries like Malaysia, Thailand, and Singapore, it is becoming increasingly prevalent in Indonesia. Hence Reports have emerged of individuals seeking “susuk” implants from traditional practitioners, despite potential health risks and a lack of medical regulation.

Health Risks and Concerns Not Only

  • Infections: The insertion of foreign objects under the skin carries a significant risk of infection. If the equipment use not sterile or if proper aftercare not followed, it can lead to serious infections, including cellulitis and abscesses.
  • Allergic Reactions: Some individuals may be allergic to the materials used in “susuk.” This can result in severe allergic reactions, skin problems, or inflammation.
  • Migration: Over time, “susuk” implants may migrate within the body, potentially causing discomfort or complications. Migration can occur due to body movements or other external factors.
  • Psychological Effects: Some patients may experience psychological distress or discomfort a result of having “susuk” implanted. The fear of complications or side effects can lead to anxiety and stress.

Regulation and Awareness

Indonesia’s Ministry of Health has expressed concerns about the practice of “susuk” and its associated health risks. Authorities are working to raise awareness about the potential dangers and discourage individuals from seeking “susuk” implants from unlicensed practitioners.


The practice of “susuk” is not unique to neighboring countries; it has found its way into Indonesia as well. While some individuals may believe in the mystical benefits of “susuk,” it is essential to consider the potential health. Risks associated with this practice. Increased awareness, education, and regulation are crucial steps in ensuring the safety and well-being of individuals who may. Be considering or have. Hence Already undergone “susuk” procedures. Health authorities in Indonesia continue to monitor and address this phenomenon to protect the public from potential harm.

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Similar But Not the Same: Doctors Explain Cardiac Arrest vs. Heart Attack



Similar Cardiac emergencies can be terrifying and life-threatening, but it’s crucial to understand the difference between two commonly confused terms: “cardiac arrest” and “heart attack.” While they share similarities and affect Here, we break down the differences between cardiac arrest and a heart attack, as explained by medical experts.

Cardiac Arrest The Sudden Stoppage Similar

Cardiac arrest is a sudden and unexpected stoppage of the heart’s electrical activity, leading to the cessation of blood circulation. In essence, the heart stops beating altogether. This can happen abruptly and often without any prior warning signs. During cardiac arrest, the person may lose consciousness, stop breathing, and have no pulse.

Causes of Cardiac Arrest Similar

Cardiac arrest is typically caused by irregular electrical activity in the heart, such as ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia. It can also result from other factors, including severe trauma, drowning, drug overdose, or underlying heart conditions.

Treatment for Cardiac Arrest Similar

Immediate intervention is crucial to restore the heart’s rhythm and blood circulation. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED) are vital in saving a person’s life during cardiac arrest. Quick action and access to medical assistance greatly improve the chances of survival.

Heart Attack The Blockage

A heart attack, medically known as a myocardial infarction, occurs when there is a blockage or reduced blood flow to a portion of the heart muscle. This usually happens due to the narrowing or clotting of a coronary artery, which supplies oxygen-rich blood to the heart.

Symptoms of a Heart Attack

Common symptoms of a heart attack include chest pain or discomfort, shortness of breath, nausea, lightheadedness, and pain radiating to the arm, neck, jaw, or back. These symptoms can develop gradually and may vary from person to person.

Causes of a Heart Attack Similar

Heart attacks are often linked to underlying cardiovascular conditions, such as coronary artery disease, which causes the gradual buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries. A sudden rupture or clot formation in these arteries can trigger a heart attack.

Treatment for a Heart Attack

Immediate medical attention is essential for a heart attack. Treatment may include medications to dissolve clots, procedures like angioplasty to reopen blocked arteries, or surgery in severe cases. Early intervention can help prevent further damage to the heart muscle.

Understanding the differences between cardiac arrest and a heart attack is crucial, as the treatment and outcomes for each condition vary significantly. While both are emergencies that require immediate medical attention, recognizing the unique symptoms and underlying causes can help individuals and bystanders respond appropriately when faced with these life-threatening situations. Always seek professional medical help if you suspect someone is experiencing either a cardiac arrest or a heart attack, as timely intervention can save lives.

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Not Mystical, Here’s the Medical Explanation Behind the ‘Genital Circumcision’ Phenomenon



Not Mystical In recent years, there has been a growing interest in a phenomenon known as ‘Sunat Jin,’ particularly in some regions where mystical beliefs are prevalent. ‘Sunat Jin’ roughly translates to ‘Genital Circumcision’ in English and is often attributed to supernatural or mystical causes. However, medical experts have a different perspective on this phenomenon. In this article, we will delve into the medical explanation behind ‘Sunat Jin.’

The ‘Sunat Jin’ Phenomenon Not Mystical

‘Sunat Jin’ refers to the mysterious and often unexplained occurrence of circumcisions or genital cutting that appear to happen overnight or without any clear human intervention. It is mostly reported in boys and men who wake up to find themselves circumcised, often accompanied by pain, swelling, and bleeding. In some cultures, this is seen as the work of supernatural beings or jinns, hence the name ‘Sunat Jin.’

The Medical Explanation Not Mystical

While ‘Sunat Jin’ may seem mystifying at first glance, medical professionals have identified several plausible explanations for this phenomenon:


It is possible for individuals, especially during sleep, to unintentionally engage in self-circumcision due to various factors such as intense scratching or friction. This can result in genital injuries that mimic circumcision.

Nocturnal Erections Not Mystical

Men typically experience multiple erections during a night’s sleep, known as nocturnal penile tumescence. These erections can sometimes lead to minor injuries or abrasions, which might be mistaken for circumcision when noticed in morning.

Medical Conditions

Certain medical conditions, such as a rare disorder called priapism, can cause prolonged and painful erections. In severe cases, this condition might result in injuries to the genital area, again resembling circumcision.

Psychological Factors:

Psychological issues, such as dissociative disorders or even extreme stress, can lead to self-harming behaviors that a person might not remember upon waking up.


In some cases, what appears to be circumcision might actually be a misdiagnosis, as individuals may not recall prior genital injuries or conditions.

Social and Cultural Factors: Social and cultural beliefs can play a significant role in how ‘Sunat Jin’ is perceiv. In areas where supernatural belief widespread, any unexplain phenomena often attributed to mystical forces.

While ‘Sunat Jin’ may viewed through a mystical lens in certain cultures, medical science provides plausible explanations. For this phenomenon. It is essential to approach these cases with a rational and evidence-based mindset. Considering the possibility of self-injury, medical conditions, or psychological factors at play. Understanding the medical basis behind ‘Sunat Jin’ can help individuals seek appropriate medical care. When necessary and dispel some of the mysticism surrounding this phenomenon.

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