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Tharman Shanmugaratnam Elected as the New President of Singapore



Tharman Shanmugaratnam Elected as the New President of SingaporeSingapore. September 2, 2023 – In a historic and momentous election. Tharman Shanmugaratnam has been elected as the new President of the Republic of Singapore. The 65-year-old veteran politician and former Deputy Prime Minister secured a resounding. Victory, making him the first non-Chinese President in the nation’s history and emphasizing Singapore’s commitment to inclusivity and diversity.

Tharman Shanmugaratnam’s election marks a significant milestone in Singapore’s political landscape. He takes over from the esteemed Halimah. Yacob, who served as the country’s first female President for the past six years. Shanmugaratnam’s ascent to the presidency represents. A departure from the traditional ethnic Chinese leadership that has predominated in Singapore’s political sphere since its independence in 1965.

A Distinguished Career

Tharman Shanmugaratnam’s journey to the presidency is one rooted in dedication, expertise, and a profound commitment to public service. Born on February 25, 1958, in Singapore, he has enjoyed a remarkable political career spanning several decades.

Before his election as President, Shanmugaratnam held various prominent positions within the Singaporean government. Most notably, he served as the Deputy Prime Minister and Coordinating Minister for Economic and Social Policies. His tenure in these roles was characterized by his dedication to fostering economic. Growth, ensuring social equity, and embracing innovation to propel Singapore into the digital age.

Shanmugaratnam’s commitment to social inclusivity and his relentless pursuit of economic excellence have earned him. Widespread respect not only within Singapore but also on the global stage. His expertise in economic policy has been acknowledged internationally, making him a sought-after voice in various international forums and organizations.

A Vision for Singapore’s Future

During his campaign for the presidency, Tharman Shanmugaratnam articulated a comprehensive vision for Singapore’s future. His platform focused on unity, inclusivity, and building a resilient society that. Can adapt to the challenges of a rapidly changing world.

Key components of his vision include:

Social Cohesion

Shanmugaratnam emphasized the importance of fostering social cohesion among Singapore’s diverse population, irrespective of ethnicity or background. He pledged to work towards creating an even more inclusive society where every. Singaporean has equal opportunities and access to education, healthcare, and employment.

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Economic Resilience

More then Building on his background in economic policy, the President-elect has outlined plans to strengthen Singapore’s economic resilience. This includes supporting innovation, investing in sustainable industries, and nurturing a workforce equipped for the digital age.

Global Leadership

 Thirdly Shanmugaratnam has expressed his commitment to maintaining. Singapore’s position as a global leader in various fields, including finance, technology, and sustainability. He envisions Singapore playing a vital role in addressing global challenges such as climate change and cybersecurity.

Education and Skills Development

 Secondly Recognizing the importance of education in Singapore’s future, the. President-elect has proposed initiatives to enhance the nation’s education system, emphasizing lifelong learning and skills development.

A Symbol of Unity and Progress

Firstly Tharman Shanmugaratnam’s election as the President of Singapore represents a significant turning point in the nation’s history. It reflects Singapore’s determination to evolve and adapt to a changing world while. Remaining steadfast in its commitment to diversity and unity. As he assumes office, President Shanmugaratnam is pois to lead Singapore into a new era, one. Characterized by social harmony, economic vitality, and global influence.

The international community will be closely watching his presidency, as. Singapore, under his leadership, continues to play a vital role in shaping the future of Southeast Asia and the world.

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Not Only in Our Neighboring Country, Cases of Patients with “Susuk” Also Present in Indonesia



Not Only “Susuk,” a mystical practice involving the insertion of tiny metallic objects under the skin for various perceived benefits, is not limited to our neighboring countries. Recent reports have highlighted cases of patients with “susuk” in Indonesia, shedding light on the prevalence of this practice and its potential health risks.

The “Susuk” Phenomenon Not Only

Susuk, often referred to as “charm needles,” involves the insertion of small metal objects, such as gold or silver, under the skin, typically on the face, neck, chest, or other body parts. Hence This practice is believed to bring about various benefits, including enhancing one’s attractiveness, protection from harm, and even improved luck or wealth.

Cases in Indonesia

While “susuk” has been widely practiced in countries like Malaysia, Thailand, and Singapore, it is becoming increasingly prevalent in Indonesia. Hence Reports have emerged of individuals seeking “susuk” implants from traditional practitioners, despite potential health risks and a lack of medical regulation.

Health Risks and Concerns Not Only

  • Infections: The insertion of foreign objects under the skin carries a significant risk of infection. If the equipment use not sterile or if proper aftercare not followed, it can lead to serious infections, including cellulitis and abscesses.
  • Allergic Reactions: Some individuals may be allergic to the materials used in “susuk.” This can result in severe allergic reactions, skin problems, or inflammation.
  • Migration: Over time, “susuk” implants may migrate within the body, potentially causing discomfort or complications. Migration can occur due to body movements or other external factors.
  • Psychological Effects: Some patients may experience psychological distress or discomfort a result of having “susuk” implanted. The fear of complications or side effects can lead to anxiety and stress.

Regulation and Awareness

Indonesia’s Ministry of Health has expressed concerns about the practice of “susuk” and its associated health risks. Authorities are working to raise awareness about the potential dangers and discourage individuals from seeking “susuk” implants from unlicensed practitioners.


The practice of “susuk” is not unique to neighboring countries; it has found its way into Indonesia as well. While some individuals may believe in the mystical benefits of “susuk,” it is essential to consider the potential health. Risks associated with this practice. Increased awareness, education, and regulation are crucial steps in ensuring the safety and well-being of individuals who may. Be considering or have. Hence Already undergone “susuk” procedures. Health authorities in Indonesia continue to monitor and address this phenomenon to protect the public from potential harm.

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Similar But Not the Same: Doctors Explain Cardiac Arrest vs. Heart Attack



Similar Cardiac emergencies can be terrifying and life-threatening, but it’s crucial to understand the difference between two commonly confused terms: “cardiac arrest” and “heart attack.” While they share similarities and affect Here, we break down the differences between cardiac arrest and a heart attack, as explained by medical experts.

Cardiac Arrest The Sudden Stoppage Similar

Cardiac arrest is a sudden and unexpected stoppage of the heart’s electrical activity, leading to the cessation of blood circulation. In essence, the heart stops beating altogether. This can happen abruptly and often without any prior warning signs. During cardiac arrest, the person may lose consciousness, stop breathing, and have no pulse.

Causes of Cardiac Arrest Similar

Cardiac arrest is typically caused by irregular electrical activity in the heart, such as ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia. It can also result from other factors, including severe trauma, drowning, drug overdose, or underlying heart conditions.

Treatment for Cardiac Arrest Similar

Immediate intervention is crucial to restore the heart’s rhythm and blood circulation. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED) are vital in saving a person’s life during cardiac arrest. Quick action and access to medical assistance greatly improve the chances of survival.

Heart Attack The Blockage

A heart attack, medically known as a myocardial infarction, occurs when there is a blockage or reduced blood flow to a portion of the heart muscle. This usually happens due to the narrowing or clotting of a coronary artery, which supplies oxygen-rich blood to the heart.

Symptoms of a Heart Attack

Common symptoms of a heart attack include chest pain or discomfort, shortness of breath, nausea, lightheadedness, and pain radiating to the arm, neck, jaw, or back. These symptoms can develop gradually and may vary from person to person.

Causes of a Heart Attack Similar

Heart attacks are often linked to underlying cardiovascular conditions, such as coronary artery disease, which causes the gradual buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries. A sudden rupture or clot formation in these arteries can trigger a heart attack.

Treatment for a Heart Attack

Immediate medical attention is essential for a heart attack. Treatment may include medications to dissolve clots, procedures like angioplasty to reopen blocked arteries, or surgery in severe cases. Early intervention can help prevent further damage to the heart muscle.

Understanding the differences between cardiac arrest and a heart attack is crucial, as the treatment and outcomes for each condition vary significantly. While both are emergencies that require immediate medical attention, recognizing the unique symptoms and underlying causes can help individuals and bystanders respond appropriately when faced with these life-threatening situations. Always seek professional medical help if you suspect someone is experiencing either a cardiac arrest or a heart attack, as timely intervention can save lives.

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Not Mystical, Here’s the Medical Explanation Behind the ‘Genital Circumcision’ Phenomenon



Not Mystical In recent years, there has been a growing interest in a phenomenon known as ‘Sunat Jin,’ particularly in some regions where mystical beliefs are prevalent. ‘Sunat Jin’ roughly translates to ‘Genital Circumcision’ in English and is often attributed to supernatural or mystical causes. However, medical experts have a different perspective on this phenomenon. In this article, we will delve into the medical explanation behind ‘Sunat Jin.’

The ‘Sunat Jin’ Phenomenon Not Mystical

‘Sunat Jin’ refers to the mysterious and often unexplained occurrence of circumcisions or genital cutting that appear to happen overnight or without any clear human intervention. It is mostly reported in boys and men who wake up to find themselves circumcised, often accompanied by pain, swelling, and bleeding. In some cultures, this is seen as the work of supernatural beings or jinns, hence the name ‘Sunat Jin.’

The Medical Explanation Not Mystical

While ‘Sunat Jin’ may seem mystifying at first glance, medical professionals have identified several plausible explanations for this phenomenon:


It is possible for individuals, especially during sleep, to unintentionally engage in self-circumcision due to various factors such as intense scratching or friction. This can result in genital injuries that mimic circumcision.

Nocturnal Erections Not Mystical

Men typically experience multiple erections during a night’s sleep, known as nocturnal penile tumescence. These erections can sometimes lead to minor injuries or abrasions, which might be mistaken for circumcision when noticed in morning.

Medical Conditions

Certain medical conditions, such as a rare disorder called priapism, can cause prolonged and painful erections. In severe cases, this condition might result in injuries to the genital area, again resembling circumcision.

Psychological Factors:

Psychological issues, such as dissociative disorders or even extreme stress, can lead to self-harming behaviors that a person might not remember upon waking up.


In some cases, what appears to be circumcision might actually be a misdiagnosis, as individuals may not recall prior genital injuries or conditions.

Social and Cultural Factors: Social and cultural beliefs can play a significant role in how ‘Sunat Jin’ is perceiv. In areas where supernatural belief widespread, any unexplain phenomena often attributed to mystical forces.

While ‘Sunat Jin’ may viewed through a mystical lens in certain cultures, medical science provides plausible explanations. For this phenomenon. It is essential to approach these cases with a rational and evidence-based mindset. Considering the possibility of self-injury, medical conditions, or psychological factors at play. Understanding the medical basis behind ‘Sunat Jin’ can help individuals seek appropriate medical care. When necessary and dispel some of the mysticism surrounding this phenomenon.

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